The pharmacokinetics of oral dexniguldipine, a new multidrug-resistance- modifying agent under clinical evaluation, and its pyridine metabolite M-1 were determined in plasma, tumor, and renal tissue in Wag/Rij rats bearing a multidrug-resistant CC531 colon adenocarcinoma tumor under the renal capsule. The pharmacokinetics were studied in four experiments. After a single administration of dexniguldipine (30 mg/kg), tumors and kidneys were collected after 5 (experiment 1), 24 (experiment 2), and 48 h (experiment 3). In the fourth experiment, dexniguldipine was given once daily for 3 consecutive days at a dose of 30 mg/kg. In all experiments, plasma samples were collected at regular intervals. The concentrations of dexniguldipine and M-1 could be determined in plasma in most of the rats at up to 32 h after drug administration. The area under the curve (AUC) of dexniguldipine and M- 1 varied by a factor of 2-6 in the four experiments. High tumor-tissue concentrations of dexniguldipine were observed. The concentrations were highest in the multiple-dose experiment (2014 ± 1005 ng/g tissue). High degrees of correlation (>08) were established between the concentrations of dexniguldipine measured in plasma and tumor as well as renal tissue. Overall, tumor-tissue concentrations of M-1 comprised one-third of the dexniguldipine concentrations measured.

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Keywords Dexniguldipine, Multidrug-resistance chemosensitizer, Pharmacokinetics
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Journal Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Schellens, J.H.M, van de Vrie, W, Loos, W.J, Kolker, H.J, Verweij, J, Stoter, G, … Eggermont, A.M.M. (1997). Pharmacokinetics of the multidrug-resistance-converting drug dexniguldipine and its pyridine metabolite M-1 in the plasma, tumor, and renal tissue of tumor-bearing Wag/Rij rats. Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, 41(1), 48–52. doi:10.1007/s002800050706