Purpose of Review: To discuss the role of measuring functional residual capacity (FRC) during mechanical ventilation to improve patient ventilator settings in order to prevent ventilator-induced lung injury. Recent Findings: Nowadays, FRC can be measured without the use of tracer gases and without disconnection from the ventilator. It is shown that FRC can provide additional information to optimize the ventilator setting; for example, FRC measurements can differentiate between responders and nonresponders after a recruitment maneuver, and in combination with dynamic compliance one can differentiate between recruitment and overdistention during a positive end-expiratory pressure trial. In addition, FRC measurements enable not only to estimate stress and strain at the bedside, but also to estimate ventilation inhomogeneity. Summary: In conclusion, measuring FRC could be extremely valuable during mechanical ventilation, but clinical studies are needed to prove whether this technique will improve outcome.

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doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0000000000000099, hdl.handle.net/1765/71524
Current Opinion in Critical Care
Department of Intensive Care

Gommers, D. (2014). Functional residual capacity and absolute lung volume. Current Opinion in Critical Care (Vol. 20, pp. 347–351). doi:10.1097/MCC.0000000000000099