Complaints relating to reflux in the venous system can be addressed by conservative, surgical, or interventional treatment options. The aim of the treatment is to prevent complications and progression of venous disease and to improve patients' quality of life. Endovenous thermal ablation therapies have become the most frequently used type of therapy for saphenous varicose veins. The available endovenous thermal techniques are endovenous laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, and endovenous steam ablation. In this review, the procedures, indications, and treatment parameters of the three endovenous thermal ablation treatments are discussed as well as their advantages and disadvantages.

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Lasers in Medical Science
Department of Surgery

van den Bos, R., & Proebstle, T. (2014). The state of the art of endothermal ablation. Lasers in Medical Science, 29(2), 387–392. doi:10.1007/s10103-013-1448-5