In this paper we discuss expected and reported effects on care provider-patient relations of the introduction of electronic patient records (EPRs) in consultation settings by reviewing exemplary studies and literature on the subject from the past decade. We argue that in order for such assessments to be meaningful, talk of effects of "the" EPR needs to be replaced by an "unpacking" of EPR systems into their constituent parts and functionalities, the effects of which need to be assessed individually. Following from this principle, the paper discusses EPR systems ranging from simple data entry and retrieval systems to more sophisticated multi-user and multifunctional on-line systems. On a second level, our analysis of the literature is informed by the question which model of ideal patienthood underlies the assessment of effects of EPRs. To this end, we identify three "models of patienthood" implicit in writing about benefits and drawbacks of EPRs for patients: the autonomy, the consumer, and the holistic models, and argue that assumptions concerning these models need to be reflected upon more critically to improve understanding of what exactly EPR use does to the doctor-patient relationship.

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Ethics and Information Technology
Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)

van der Ploeg, I., Winthereik, B. R., & Bal, R. (2006). EPRs in the consultation room: A discussion of the literature on effects on doctor-patient relationships. Ethics and Information Technology (Vol. 8, pp. 73–83). doi:10.1007/s10676-005-0951-1