Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of tumour suppressor genes is a crucial step in the development of sporadic and hereditary cancer. Recently, we and others have developed mouse models in which the frequency and nature of LOH events at an autosomal locus can be elucidated in genetically stable normal somatic cells. In this paper, an overview is presented of recent studies in LOH-detecting mouse models. Molecular mechanisms that lead to LOH and the effects of genetic and environmental variables are discussed. The general finding that LOH of a marker gene occurs frequently in somatic cells of the mouse without deleterious effects on cell viability, suggests that also tumour suppressor genes are lost in similar frequencies. LOH of tumour suppressor genes may thus be an initiating event in cancer development.

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doi.org/10.1016/S0027-5107(00)00163-9, hdl.handle.net/1765/72024
Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Department of Molecular Genetics

Wijnhoven, S., Kool, H., van Teijlingen, C. M., van Zeeland, A., & Vrieling, H. (2001). Loss of heterozygosity in somatic cells of the mouse: An important step in cancer initiation?. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis (Vol. 473, pp. 23–36). doi:10.1016/S0027-5107(00)00163-9