Context: The -629C→A cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) promoter polymorphism is a determinant of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C). The effect of the closely linked CETP TaqIB polymorphism on HDL-C has been suggested to be modified by obesity and hyperinsulinemia. Objective: Because the CETP-mediated cholesteryl ester transfer out of HDL is stimulated by high triglycerides, we hypothesized that triglycerides modify the effect of the CETP -629C→A promoter polymorphism on HDL-C. Design: In 7083 nondiabetic subjects of the PREVEND population, the -629C→A promoter polymorphism, HDL-C, serum triglycerides, waist circumference, and insulin resistance (HOMA ir) were determined. Serum apolipoprotein A-I was available in 6948 subjects. The TaqIB polymorphism was also assessed. Setting: The study is set in the general community. Results: HDL-C and serum apolipoprotein A-I were on average 0.14 mmol/liter and 0.05 g/liter higher in -629AA (22.9%) compared to -629CC (26.8%) homozygotes (P < 0.001 for both). This genotype effect on HDL-C was on average 0.15 mmol/liter in the lowest triglyceride tertile but only 0.08 mmol/liter in the highest tertile (P < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that HDL-C was determined by the CETP promoter variant (P < 0.001), gender (P < 0.001), triglycerides (P < 0.001), and interactions between triglycerides and genotype (P < 0.05), between triglycerides and gender (P < 0.05), and between genotype and gender (P < 0.05), independently from waist, HOMA ir, alcohol use, age, and use of lipid-lowering drugs. The TaqIB polymorphism also interacted with triglycerides on HDL-C. The -629C→A promoter polymorphism did not interact with obesity and HOMA ir on HDL-C. Conclusions: The HDL-C-raising effect of the CETP -629A allele is diminished with higher triglycerides, which may be explained by a predominant effect of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins over circulating CETP itself on cholesteryl ester transfer out of HDL with rising triglycerides. Copyright

doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-0182, hdl.handle.net/1765/72237
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Department of Biochemistry

Borggreve, S.E, Hillege, H.L, Wolffenbuttel, B.H.R, de Jong, P.E, Bakker, S.J.L, van der Steege, G, … Dullaart, R.P.F. (2005). The effect of cholesteryl ester transfer protein -629C→A promoter polymorphism on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is dependent on serum triglycerides. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 90(7), 4198–4204. doi:10.1210/jc.2005-0182