The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has risen significantly over the last decades. During esophageal carcinogenesis many molecular alterations occur that disrupt essential cellular processes, directing the cell to a rapidly proliferating, immortal state. The chronic inflammation that is present in Barrett's esophagus creates an environment in which such molecular alterations are both induced and tolerated. Here, the novel insights in the molecular mechanisms that underlie the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma are reviewed, focusing on the role of inflammation, angiogenesis, apoptosis inhibition, loss of cell cycle control, and loss of cell-cell adhesion. These novel developments will open new perspectives for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of esophageal adenocarcinoma.

, , ,,
Journal of Surgical Oncology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Bax, D., Siersema, P., van Vliet, A., Kuipers, E., & Kusters, J. (2005). Molecular alterations during development of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Journal of Surgical Oncology (Vol. 92, pp. 89–98). doi:10.1002/jso.20353