Distribution of paclitaxel in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid
Anti-Cancer Drugs , Volume 14 - Issue 5 p. 365- 368
Our objective was to assess the distribution of paclitaxel in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in a cancer patient, and evaluate the role of the formulation vehicle Cremophor EL (CrEL) in drug distribution. Analysis of paclitaxel concentrations in CSF was performed using a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometric assay with electrospray ionization. Total and unbound paclitaxel levels in plasma were measured by liquid chromatography and equilibrium dialysis, respectively, and CrEL concentrations were determined by a colorimetric dye-binding microassay. Clinical samples were obtained from a 54-year-old female with breast cancer receiving a weekly regimen of paclitaxel (dose 60 mg/m2). The disposition of total paclitaxel in plasma was characterized by a bi-exponential elimination (terminal half-life 9.17 h) and a total clearance of 19.4 l/h/m2. The fraction of unbound paclitaxel in plasma ranged from 7.6 to 12.4% (unbound drug CL 176 l/h/m2). The plasma clearance of CrEL was 0.332 l/h/m2, whereas CrEL levels were undetectable in CSF (below 0.5 μl/ml). Concentrations of paclitaxel in CSF (range 45.5-162 pg/ml) and unbound CSF:unbound plasma concentration ratios (range 0.093-9.53%) progressively increased up to 24 h, with a mean unbound drug fraction in CSF of 84 ± 3.6% (range 81-88%). These findings indicate that there is substantial distribution of paclitaxel to CSF. Since the fraction of unbound paclitaxel is different between plasma and CSF, measurement of unbound paclitaxel is required to accurately assess the extent of drug penetration.
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Gelderblom, H, Baker, S.D, Zhao, M, Verweij, J, & Sparreboom, A. (2003). Distribution of paclitaxel in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. Anti-Cancer Drugs, 14(5), 365–368. doi:10.1097/00001813-200306000-00007