AIM: The aim of the study was to determine whether a single intravenous infusion of 25 mg/kg CDP860, a humanized di-Fab′ fragment against PDGF-β receptor, leads to a reduction of in-stent restenosis. METHODS: In this phase II, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study 145 patients presenting with stable or unstable angina were randomized to a single infusion of placebo or active drug (CDP860) before undergoing stenting. Quantitative angiography and 3D intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were obtained at baseline and follow-up. Primary endpoint was the IVUS assessment of percentage in-stent volume obstruction. RESULTS: At six-month follow-up, the placebo group and CDP860 group did not differ significantly regarding minimal luminal diameter (1.75 ± 0.68 versus 1.82 ± 0.66mm), restenosis rate (16.2 versus 14.1%), minimal lumen area (4.71 ± 1.85 versus 4.41 ± 1.77 mm 2), in-stent neointimal volume (30 ± 23 versus 31 ± 31 mm3) and in-stent obstruction volume (23.8 ± 14.4 versus 22.1 ± 15.3%). Major adverse cardiac events at 210 days were similar in both groups: death 1.5 versus 1.4%, myocardial infarction 5.9 versus 8.1 % and target vessel revascularization 16.4 versus 17.6%. CONCLUSION: A single intravenous administration of monoclonal antibody against PDGF-β receptor failed to reduce the amount of neointimal hyperplasia after stent implantation.

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International Journal of Cardiovascular Interventions
Department of Cardiology

Serruys, P., Heyndrickx, G., Patel, J., Cummins, P., Kleijne, J., & Clowes, A. W. (2003). Effect of an anti-PDGF-β-receptor-blocking antibody on restenosis in patients undergoing elective stent placement. International Journal of Cardiovascular Interventions, 5(4), 214–222. doi:10.1080/14628840310017177