The safety and immunogenicity of two PorA-based meningococcal outer membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccines against the P1.4 serosubtype adsorbed with AlPO4 or Al(OH)3 were studied in 134 toddlers. Vaccinations were given three times with an interval of 3-6 weeks or twice with an interval of 6-10 weeks. A vaccination was repeated after 20-40 weeks. Pre- and post-immunization sera were tested for bactericidal activity against an isogenic strain expressing P1.7h,4 PorA. Both meningococcal OMV vaccines were well tolerated. The percentage of children with a fourfold increase in bactericidal activity was 96% (AlPO4-adjuvated vaccine/2 + 1 schedule), 100% (AlPO4-adjuvated vaccine/3 + 1 schedule), 93% (Al(OH)3-adjuvated vaccine/2 + 1 schedule) and 97% (Al(OH)3-adjuvated vaccine/3 + 1 schedule). Adsorption with AlPO4 makes the OMV vaccine more immunogenic than adsorption with Al(OH)3. Bactericidal activity was highest after the 3 + 1 schedule, although the response shortly after the primary series was higher in the two-dose priming group.

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Keywords Children, Neisseria meningitidis, Outer membrane vesicle vaccine
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Journal Vaccine
de Kleijn, E.D, de Groot, R, van Gageldonk-Lafeber, A.B, Labadie, J, van Limpt, K.C.J.P, Visser, J, … Rümke, H. (2000). Immunogenicity and safety of monovalent P1.7h,4 meningococcal outer membrane vesicle vaccine in toddlers: Comparison of two vaccination schedules and two vaccine formulations. Vaccine, 19(9-10), 1141–1148. doi:10.1016/S0264-410X(00)00320-0