Endocrine late sequelae in long-term survivors of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Background: Aim of this study was to investigate the long-term endocrine effects of treatment of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Patients and methods: A single-center cohort of 84 survivors (22 females) was included in this retrospective study. Median age was 21 years (9-40 years) and time after cessation of therapy 12 years (4-30 years). Height, weight, percentage fat, lean body mass (LBM), bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density of total body (BMDTB) and bone mineral density of lumbar spine (BMDLS) were measured. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxin (fT4), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), inhibin B and anti-m̈llerian hormone (AMH) levels were measured. Results were compared with Dutch controls. Results: Height was lower in survivors [mean standard deviation score (SDS) -0.36, P = 0.002], but further analysis showed that shorter stature was already present at diagnosis (mean SDS -0.28, P = 0.023). Body mass index, percentage fat, BMC, BMDTB and BMDLS were not different from controls. LBM was lower in survivors (mean SDS -0.47, P = 0.008). TSH, fT4 and IGF-1 were normal in all survivors. Three of 20 adult females had low AMH levels and 23 of 42 adult males had low inhibin B levels. Conclusions: Twelve years after cessation of treatment, NHL survivors did not develop adiposity, osteoporosis or thyroid disease. Male survivors may be at risk for infertility.
|Keywords||Anthropometry, Bone mineral density, Endocrine sequelae, Fertility, Late effects, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdr511, hdl.handle.net/1765/72680|
|Journal||Annals of Oncology|
van Waas, M, Neggers, S.J.C.M.M, te Winkel, M.L, Beishuizen, A, Pieters, R, & van den Heuvel-Eibrink, M.M. (2012). Endocrine late sequelae in long-term survivors of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Annals of Oncology, 23(6), 1626–1632. doi:10.1093/annonc/mdr511