Purpose: To assess the diagnostic performance of dual-source cardiac (DSC) computed tomography (CT) newer-generation CT instruments for identifying anatomically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients who are difficult to image by using 64-section CT.
Materials and Methods: A literature search comprised bibliographic databases (January 1, 2000, to March 22, 2011, with a pragmatic update on September 6, 2012), trial registries, and conference proceedings. Only studies using invasive coronary angiography as reference standard were included. Risk of bias was assessed (QUADAS-2). Results were stratified according to patient group on the basis of clinical characteristics. Summary estimates of sensitivity and specificity of DSC CT for detecting 50% or greater arterial stenosis were calculated by using a bivariate summary receiver operating characteristic or random-effects model.
Results: Twenty-five studies reported accuracy of DSC CT for diagnosing CAD in difficult to image patients; in 22 studies, one of two CT units of the same manufacturer (Somatom Definition or Somatom Definition Flash) was used, and in the remaining three, a different CT unit of another manufacturer (Aquilion One) was used. The pooled, per-patient estimates of sensitivity were 97.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 88.0%, 99.9%) and 97.7% (95% CI: 93.2%, 99.3%) for patients with arrhythmias and high heart rates, respectively. The corresponding pooled estimates of specificity were 81.7% (95% CI: 71.6%, 89.4%) and 86.3% (95% CI: 80.2%, 90.7%), respectively. All data were acquired by using Somatom Definition. In two studies with Somatom and one study with Aquilion One, sensitivity estimates of 90% or greater were reported in patients with previous stent implantations; specificities were 81.7% and 89.5% for Somatom and 81.0% for Aquilion One. In patients with high coronary calcium scores, previous bypass grafts, or obesity, only per-segment or per-artery data were available. Sensitivity estimates remained high (.90% in all but one study), and specificities ranged from 79.1% to 100%. All data were acquired by using Somatom Definition.
Conclusion: DSC CT may be sufficiently accurate to diagnose clinically significant CAD in some or all difficult to image patients.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.13121136, hdl.handle.net/1765/72983
Journal Radiology
Westwood, M, Raatz, H, Misso, K, Burgers, L.T, Redekop, W.K, Lhachimi, S.K, … Kleijnen, J. (2013). Systematic review of the accuracy of dual-source cardiac CT for detection of Arterial Stenosis in difficult to image patient groups. Radiology (Vol. 267, pp. 387–395). doi:10.1148/radiol.13121136