Metabolic effects of overnight continuous infusion of unacylated ghrelin in humans
Objective: To clarify the metabolic effects of an overnight i.v. infusion of unacylated ghrelin (UAG) in humans. UAG exerts relevant metabolic actions, likely mediated by a still unknown ghrelin receptor subtype, including effects on β-cell viability and function, insulin secretion and sensitivity, and glucose and lipid metabolism. Design: We studied the effects of a 16-h infusion (from 2100 to 1300 h) of UAG (1.0 μg/kg per h) or saline in eight normal subjects (age (mean±S.E.M.), 29.6±2.4 years; body mass index (BMI), 22.4±1.7 kg/m2), who were served, at 2100 and 0800 h respectively, with isocaloric balanced dinner and breakfast. Glucose, insulin, and free fatty acid (FFA) levels were measured every 20 min. Results: In comparison with saline, UAG induced significant (P<0.05) changes in glucose, insulin, and FFA profiles. UAG infusion decreased glucose area under the curve (AUC) values by 10% (UAG0-960 min: 79.0±1.7×10 3 mg/dl per min vs saline0-960 min: 87.5±3. 8×103 mg/dl per min) and the AUC at night by 14% (UAG 180-660 min: 28.4±0.5×103 mg/dl per min vs saline180-660 min: 33.2±1.1×103 mg/dl per min). The overall insulin AUC was not significantly modified by UAG infusion; however, insulin AUC observed after meals was significantly increased under the exposure to UAG with respect to saline at either dinner or breakfast. The FFA AUC values were decreased by 52% under the exposure to UAG in comparison with saline (UAG0-960 min: 0.3±0.02×103 mEq/l per min vs saline0-960 min: 0.6±0.05×103 mEq/l per min). Conclusions: Exposure to the i.v. administration of UAG improves glucose metabolism and inhibits lipolysis in healthy volunteers. Thus, in contrast to the diabetogenic action of AG, UAG displays hypoglycemic properties.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-11-0982, hdl.handle.net/1765/73204|
|Journal||European Journal of Endocrinology|
Benso, A, St-Pierre, Y, Prodam, F, Gramaglia, E, Granata, R, van der Lely, A-J, … Broglio, F. (2012). Metabolic effects of overnight continuous infusion of unacylated ghrelin in humans. European Journal of Endocrinology, 166(5), 911–916. doi:10.1530/EJE-11-0982