Experimental studies have established the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) as a candidate immunosuppre+ssive thera+py. MSC exert their immunomodulatory function through the inhibition of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell proliferation. It is unknown whether MSC impair the immunosuppressive function of regulatory T cells (Treg). In vitro and in vivo studies suggest that MSC mediate their immunomodulatory effects through the induction ofTreg. In this review we will focus on the interactions between MSC andTreg, and evaluate the consequences of these cellular interplays for prospective MSC immunotherapy in organ transplantation.

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Keywords Mesenchymal stem cell, Regulatory T cell, Transplantation
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2012.00126, hdl.handle.net/1765/74502
Journal Frontiers in Immunology
Citation
Engela, A.U, Baan, C.C, Dor, F.J.M.F, Weimar, W, & Hoogduijn, M.J. (2012). On the interactions between mesenchymal stem cells and regulatory T cells for immunomodulation in transplantation. Frontiers in Immunology (Vol. 3). doi:10.3389/fimmu.2012.00126