Aims: There is no mention in the current "appropriateness criteria for CTCA" of the need of CTCA investigation prior to an attempt at recanalisation of a CTO. To define better the role of CTCA in the treatment of patients with CTOs, we performed CTCA in a consecutive cohort of eligible patients who were scheduled for percutaneous recanalisation of a CTO. Methods and results: Symptomatic patients due to a CTO suitable for percutaneous treatment were included. One hundred and thirty-nine (142 CTOs) patients were studied. Overall success rate was 62.7%. By CTCA, the occlusion length was 24.9±18.3 vs. 30.7±20.7mm in successful and failed cases (p=0.1), but the frequency of patients with an occlusion length >15 mm was different, i.e. 63.2% vs. 82.7%, respectively (p=0.02). Severe calcification, (>50% CSA) was more prevalent in failed cases (54.7% vs. 35.9%, p=0.03). Calcification at the entry of the occlusion was present in 58.5% of the failures vs. 41.6% of the successful cases (p=0.04), while calcium at the exit was not different. The length of calcification was 8.5±8.4 vs. 5.5±6.6 mm in the failed and successful cases respectively (p=0.027). By multivariable analysis, the only independent predictor of procedural success was the absence of severe calcification as defined by CTCA. The mean effective radiation dose of the PCI was 39.3±30.1 mSv. The mean effective radiation dose of CT scan was 22.4 mSv: 19.2±6.5 mSv for contrast-enhanced scan 3.2±1.7 mSv for calcium scoring scan. Conclusions: More severe calcified patterns, as assessed by CTCA, are seen in failed cases. The radiation exposure during a CT scan prior to a CTO PCI is considerable, and further studies are required to determine whether this extra diagnostic study is warranted.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Chronic total occlusion, Computed tomography coronary angiography, Radiation exposure
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.4244/EIJV4I5A102, hdl.handle.net/1765/74883
Journal EuroIntervention
Citation
Garcia-Garcia, H.M, van Mieghem, C.A.G, Gonzalo, N, Meijboom, W.B, Weustink, A.C, Onuma, Y, … Serruys, P.W.J.C. (2009). Computed Tomography in Total coronary Occlusions (CTTO Registry): Radiation exposure and predictors of successful percutaneous intervention. EuroIntervention, 4(5), 607–616. doi:10.4244/EIJV4I5A102