Background: Cardiac surgery is frequently complicated by an acute vascular lung injury and this may be mediated, at least in part, by the (soluble) receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE).Methods: In two university hospital intensive care units, circulating sRAGE was measured together with the 68Gallium-transferrin pulmonary leak index (PLI), a measure of pulmonary vascular permeabiliy, in 60 consecutive cardiac surgery patients stratified by the amount of blood transfusion, within 3 hours of admission to the intensive care.Results: Cardiac surgery resulted in elevated plasma sRAGE levels compared to baseline (315 ± 181 vs 110 ± 55 pg/ml, P = 0.001). In 37 patients the PLI was elevated 50% above normal. The PLI correlated with sRAGE (r2 = 0.11, P = 0.018). Plasma sRAGE discriminated well between those with an elevated PLI and those with a normal PLI (area under the operator curve 0.75; P = 0.035; 95% CI 0.55-0.95), with 91% sensitivity but low specificity of 36% at a cutoff value of 200 pg/mL. Blood transfusion did not influence sRAGE levels.Conclusions: sRAGE is elevated in plasma after cardiac surgery and indicates increased pulmonary vascular permeability. The level of sRAGE is not affected by transfusion.

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BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Department of Intensive Care

Tuinman, S., Cornet, A., Kuipers, M., Vlaar, A., Schultz, M., Beishuizen, A., … Juffermans, N. (2013). Soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products as an indicator of pulmonary vascular injury after cardiac surgery. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 13(1). doi:10.1186/1471-2466-13-76