In this paper we describe how rolling stock and passenger connections in a cyclic railway timetable can be modeled in a flexible way within the model for the Periodic Event-Scheduling Problem (PESP). Usually, PESP models assume that the constraints for rolling stock or passenger connections specify in detail which trains should connect with each other. However, the flexibility described in this paper allows the model to choose which trains should connect with each other in a rolling stock or passenger connection. We express the connection times in a minimum matching of arriving and departing trains in terms of certain process time variables. We also describe an abstract framework demonstrating that, under certain conditions, the extra flexibility can be modeled purely in terms of PESP constraints. The concept of flexible rolling stock and passenger connections is illustrated by an example based on three intercity lines of Netherlands Railways.

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Keywords Cyclic railway timetabling, PESP, Rolling stock and passenger connections
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Journal Transportation Science
Kroon, L.G, Peeters, L.W.P, Wagenaar, J.C, & Zuidwijk, R.A. (2014). Flexible connections in PESP models for cyclic passenger railway timetabling. Transportation Science, 48(1), 136–154. doi:10.1287/trsc.1120.0453