In this paper we derive a structural measure for labor market density based on the Ellison and Glasear (1997) index for industry concentration''. This labor market density measure serves as a proxy for the number of workers that can reach a certain work area within a reasonal amount of traveling time. We apply this measure to a standard wage equation and find that it takes account of almost half of the cross region wage variance (not explained by other observables). Moreover, it explains substantiallly more than the traditional density measure: people per square mile.

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series
Tinbergen Institute

Gautier, P., & Teulings, C. (2000). An Empirical Measure for Labor Market Density (No. TI 00-036/3). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series. Retrieved from