Summary. Background: With increasing survival of patients with more severe forms of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and risk of long-term respiratory morbidity, studies on lung morphology are needed. We used hyperpolarised 3He MRI and anatomical 1H MRI in a cohort of young adult CDH patients to image regional lung ventilation and microstructure, focusing on morphological and micro-structural (alveolar) abnormalities. Methods: Nine patients with leftsided CDH, born 1975–1993, were studied. Regional ventilation was imaged with hyperpolarised 3He MRI, and the 3He apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was computed separately for the ipsilateral and contralateral lungs. 1H MRI was used to image lung anatomy, total lung volume and motion during free-breathing. Results: 3He MRI showed ventilation abnormalities in six patients, ranging from a single ipsilateral ventilation defect (3 patients) to multiple ventilation defects in both lungs (one patient treated with extra corporeal membrane oxygenation). In eight patients, 3He ADC values for the ipsilateral lung were significantly higher than those for the contralateral lung. Conclusions: Functional and micro-structural changes persist into adulthood in most CDH patients. Ipsilateral elevated 3He ADC values are consistent with enlargement of mean dimensions of the confining lung micro-structure at the alveolar level

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Keywords congenital diaphragmatic hernia, alveolar structure, pulmonary ventilation, lung development, MRI
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Journal Pediatric Pulmonology
Spoel, M, Marshall, H, IJsselstijn, H, Parra-Robles, J, van der Wiel, E.C, Swift, A.J, … Wild, J.M. (2015). Pulmonary Ventilation and Micro-Structural Findings in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. Pediatric Pulmonology, 2015(9999), 1–10. doi:10.1002/ppul.23325