Differential-K theory proposes that levels of androgen, i.e. male hormone, differ across three large racial groups with Sub-Saharan Africans having the highest levels, East Asians the lowest, and Caucasians (Europeans, North Africans and South Asians) being intermediate. In this study, we found that most of the national-level indicators of androgen - CAG repeats on the AR gene, androgenic hair, prostate cancer incidence, sex frequency and number of sex partners - are positively correlated at the population (country) level. East Asians showed signs of the lowest androgen level for most indicators and were lower than Caucasians on all of them. Sub-Saharan Africans showed inconsistent results. The results provide a partial validation of Differential-. K theory.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.030, hdl.handle.net/1765/79164
Personality and Individual Differences
Department of Psychology

Dutton, E., van der Linden, D., & Lynn, R. (Richard). (2016). Population differences in androgen levels: A test of the Differential K theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 90, 289–295. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.030