This paper features an analysis of the effectiveness of a range of portfolio diversification strategies, with a focus on down-side risk metrics, as a portfolio diversification strategy in a European market context. We apply these measures to a set of daily arithmetically compounded returns on a set of ten market indices representing the major European markets for a nine year period from the beginning of 2005 to the end of 2013. The sample period, which incorporates the periods of both the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) and subsequent European Debt Crisis (EDC), is challenging one for the application of portfolio investment strategies. The analysis is undertaken via the examination of multiple investment strategies and a variety of hold-out periods and back-tests. We commence by using four two year estimation periods and subsequent one year investment hold out period, to analyse a naive 1/N diversification strategy, and to contrast its effectiveness with Markowitz mean variance analysis with positive weights. Markowitz optimisation is then compared with various down- side investment opimisation strategies. We begin by comparing Markowitz with CVaR, and then proceed to evaluate the relative e effctiveness of Markowitz with various draw-down strategies, utilising a series of backtests. Our results suggest that none of the more sophisticated optimisation strategies appear to dominate naive diversification.

Additional Metadata
Keywords portfolio diversification, Markowitz analysis, downside risk, CVaR, draw-down
JEL Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions (jel G11), Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis (jel C61)
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/79216
Series Econometric Institute Research Papers
Note For financial support, the first author acknowledges the Australian Research Council, and the second author is most grateful to the Australian Research Council, National Science Council, Taiwan, and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
Citation
Allen, D.E, McAleer, M.J, Powell, R.J, & Singh, A.K. (2015). Down-side Risk Metrics as Portfolio Diversification Strategies across the GFC (No. EI2015-32). Econometric Institute Research Papers. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/79216