is argued that action can be undertaken to reduce unemployment. However, such action needs to be taken on a basis of internationally coordinated policies to combat unemployment. Initially, there is a need for the EEC member countries to formulate a coherent programme to deal with this problem. Yet this is unlikely to be adequate. The intriguing idea is floated that the EEC countries can learn from the policies pursued in Japan. Ultimately, it is hoped that cooperation between the EEC and Japan can form the basis of an adventurous initiative to attack unemployment.