Background: It is unclearwhether sports participation in adultswith repaired congenital heart disease is safe and has benefits. Methods: Congenital heart disease (ConHD) patients who underwent corrective surgery for Atrial Septal Defect, Ventricular Septal Defect, Pulmonary Stenosis, Tetralogy of Fallot or Transposition of the Great Arteries in our center between 1968 and 1980 were included, and participated in our longitudinal follow-up study with serial evaluations in 2001 and 2011. At both time points patients filled in questionnaires on sports participation, subjective physical functioning and quality of life. Exercise testing, echocardiogram and 24-hour continuous ambulatory ECG-monitoring were performed in both 2001 and 2011. All clinical events (re-intervention, arrhythmia, heart failure) were prospectively recorded. Results: No relationship was found between practicing sports and the occurrence of sudden death, PVCs or SVTs. Patients with moderate/complex forms of ConHD practiced fewer hours of sports compared with the general Dutch normative population. Patients with both simple and moderate/complex ConHD who practiced sports showed a higher exercise capacity. More favorable subjective physical functioning was found for moderate/ complex patients who practiced sports. Conclusions: Adults with repaired ConHD are less often involved in sports than the Dutch general population. The patients thatwere engaged in sports showa higher exercise capacity than thosewho did not. Sports participation in patients with ConHD was not associated with an increased incidence of adverse cardiac events.

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Keywords Arrhythmia, Congenital heart disease, Quality of life, Safety, Sport
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Journal International Journal of Cardiology
Opic, P, Utens, E.M.W.J, Cuypers, J.A.A.E, Witsenburg, M, van den Bosch, A.E, van Domburg, R.T, … Roos-Hesselink, J.W. (2015). Sports participation in adults with congenital heart disease. International Journal of Cardiology, 187(1), 175–182. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.107