Purpose: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is used in the treatment of radiation-induced tissue injury but its effect on (residual) tumor tissue is indistinct and therefore investigated in this study. Procedures: Orthotopic FaDu tumors were established in mice, and the response of the (irradiated) tumors to HBOT was monitored by bioluminescence imaging. Near infrared fluorescence imaging using AngioSense750 and Hypoxisense680 was applied to detect tumor vascular permeability and hypoxia. Results: HBOT treatment resulted in accelerated growth of non-irradiated tumors, but mouse survival was improved. Tumor vascular leakiness and hypoxia were enhanced after HBOT, whereas histological characteristics, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition markers, and metastatic incidence were not influenced. Conclusions: Squamous cell carcinoma responds to HBOT with respect to tumor growth, vascular permeability, and hypoxia, which may have implications for its use in cancer patients. The ability to longitudinally analyze tumor characteristics highlights the versatility and potential of optical imaging methods in oncological research.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Animal model, Head and neck cancer, Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, Lymph node metastasis, Near infrared fluorescence, Optical imaging, Radiation, Squamous cell carcinoma
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11307-015-0834-8, hdl.handle.net/1765/80208
Journal Molecular Imaging and Biology
Braks, J.A.M, Spiegelberg, L, Koljenović, S, Ridwan, Y, Keereweer, S, Kanaar, R, … Essers, J. (2015). Optical Imaging of Tumor Response to Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment and Irradiation in an Orthotopic Mouse Model of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Molecular Imaging and Biology, 17(5), 633–642. doi:10.1007/s11307-015-0834-8