Introduction In pancreatic cancer, preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) increases complications compared with surgery without PBD, demonstrated by a recent randomised controlled trial (RCT). This outcome might be related to the plastic endoprosthesis used. Metal stents may reduce the PBD-related complications risk. Methods A prospective multicentre cohort study was performed including patients with obstructive jaundice due to pancreatic cancer, scheduled to undergo PBD before surgery. This cohort was added to the earlier RCT (ISRCTN31939699). The RCT protocol was adhered to, except PBD was performed with a fully covered selfexpandable metal stent (FCSEMS). This FCSEMS cohort was compared with the RCT's plastic stent cohort. PBDrelated complications were the primary outcome. Threegroup comparison of overall complications including early surgery patients was performed. Results 53 patients underwent PBD with FCSEMS compared with 102 patients treated with plastic stents. Patients' characteristics did not differ. PBD-related complication rates were 24% in the FCSEMS group vs 46% in the plastic stent group (relative risk of plastic stent use 1.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.2, p=0.011). Stentrelated complications (occlusion and exchange) were 6% vs 31%. Surgical complications did not differ, 40% vs 47%. Overall complication rates for the FCSEMS, plastic stent and early surgery groups were 51% vs 74% vs 39%. Conclusions For PBD in pancreatic cancer, FCSEMS yield a better outcome compared with plastic stents. Although early surgery without PBD remains the treatment of choice, FCSEMS should be preferred over plastic stents whenever PBD is indicated. Trial registration number: Dutch Trial Registry (NTR3142).,
Gut (English Edition): an international journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Tol, J.A, van Hooft, J.E, Timmer, R, Kubben, F.J, van der Harst, E, de Hingh, I.H.J.T, … Gouma, D.J. (2016). Metal or plastic stents for preoperative biliary drainage in resectable pancreatic cancer. Gut (English Edition): an international journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 65(12), 1981–1987. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2014-308762