Objectives The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the integration process and luminal enlargement with the support of light intensity (LI) analysis on optical coherence tomography (OCT), echogenicity analysis on intravascular ultrasound, and histology up to 4 years in a porcine model. Background In pre-clinical and clinical studies, late luminal enlargement has been demonstrated at long-term follow-up after everolimus-eluting poly-l-lactic acid coronary scaffold implantation. However, the time relationship and the mechanistic association with the integration process are still unclear. Methods Seventy-three nonatherosclerotic swine that received 112 Absorb scaffolds were evaluated in vivo by OCT, intravascular ultrasound, and post-mortem histomorphometry at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, and 48 months. Results The normalized LI, which is the signal densitometry on OCT of a polymeric strut core normalized by the vicinal neointima, was able to differentiate the degree of connective tissue infiltration inside the strut cores. Luminal enlargement was a biphasic process at 6 to 18 months and at 30 to 42 months. The latter phase occurred with vessel wall thinning and coincided with the advance integration process demonstrated by the steep change in normalized LI (0.26 [interquartile range (IQR): 0.20 to 0.32] at 30 months versus 0.68 [IQR: 0.58 to 0.83] at 42 months, p < 0.001). Conclusions In this pre-clinical model, late luminal enlargement relates to strut integration into the arterial wall. Quantitative LI analysis on OCT could be used as a surrogate method for monitoring the integration process of poly-l-lactic acid scaffolds, which could provide insight and understanding on the imaging-related characteristics of the bioresorption process of polylactide scaffolds in human.

biodegradable polymer, bioresorbable scaffold, coronary intervention, intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, pathology
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2016.01.030, hdl.handle.net/1765/81349
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Nakatani, T, Ishibashi, Y, Sotomi, Y, Perkins, L, Eggermont, J, Grundeken, M.J, … Onuma, Y. (2016). Bioresorption and Vessel Wall Integration of a Fully Bioresorbable Polymeric Everolimus-Eluting Scaffold: Optical Coherence Tomography, Intravascular Ultrasound, and Histological Study in a Porcine Model with 4-Year Follow-Up. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 9(8), 838–851. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2016.01.030