Multilineage involvement of bone marrow (BM) hematopoiesis by the somatic KIT D816V mutation is present in a subset of adult indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM) patients in association with a poorer prognosis. Here, we investigated the potential involvement of BM mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from ISM patients by the KIT D816V mutation and its potential impact on disease progression and outcome. This mutation was investigated in highly purifiedBMMSCsand otherBMcell populations from 83 ISMpatients followed for a median of 116months. KIT D816V-mutated MSCs were detected in 22 of 83 cases. All MSCmutated patients had multilineage KIT mutation (100% vs 30%, P 5 .0001) and they more frequently showedinvolvementof lymphoidplusmyeloidBMcells (59%vs 22%;P5.03)and a polyclonal pattern of inactivation of the X-chromosome of KIT-mutated BM mast cells (64% vs 0%; P5.01) vs other multilineage ISM cases. Moreover, presence of KIT-mutated MSCs was associated with more advanced disease features, a greater rate of disease progression (50% vs 17%; P 5 .04), and a shorter progression-free survival (P £ .003). Overall, these results support the notion that ISM patients with mutated MSCs may have acquired the KIT mutation in a common pluripotent progenitor cell, prior to differentiation into MSCs and hematopoietic precursor cells, before the X-chromosome inactivation process occurs. From a clinical point of view, acquisition of the KIT mutation in an earlier BM precursor cell confers a significantly greater risk for disease progression and a poorer outcome.,
Department of Immunology

García-Montero, A.C, Jara-Acevedo, M, Alvarez-Twose, I, Teodosio, C, Sanchez-Muñoz, L, Muñiz, C, … Orfao, A. (2016). KIT D816V-mutated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in indolent systemic mastocytosis are associated with disease progression. Blood, 127(6), 761–768. doi:10.1182/blood-2015-07-655100