Introduction: We investigated whether baseline CT angiography (CTA) and CT perfusion (CTP) in acute ischemic stroke could improve prediction of infarct presence and infarct volume on follow-up imaging. Methods: We analyzed 906 patients with suspected anterior circulation stroke from the prospective multicenter Dutch acute stroke study (DUST). All patients underwent baseline non-contrast CT, CTA, and CTP and follow-up non-contrast CT/MRI after 3 days. Multivariable regression models were developed including patient characteristics and non-contrast CT, and subsequently, CTA and CTP measures were added. The increase in area under the curve (AUC) and R2 was assessed to determine the additional value of CTA and CTP. Results: At follow-up, 612 patients (67.5 %) had a detectable infarct on CT/MRI; median infarct volume was 14.8 mL (interquartile range (IQR) 2.8–69.6). Regarding infarct presence, the AUC of 0.82 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.79–0.85) for patient characteristics and non-contrast CT was improved with addition of CTA measures (AUC 0.85 (95 % CI 0.82–0.87); p < 0.001) and was even higher after addition of CTP measures (AUC 0.89 (95 % CI 0.87–0.91); p < 0.001) and combined CTA/CTP measures (AUC 0.89 (95 % CI 0.87–0.91); p < 0.001). For infarct volume, adding combined CTA/CTP measures (R2 = 0.58) was superior to patient characteristics and non-contrast CT alone (R2 = 0.44) and to addition of CTA alone (R2 = 0.55) or CTP alone (R2 = 0.54; all p < 0.001). Conclusion: In the acute stage, CTA and CTP have additional value over patient characteristics and non-contrast CT for predicting infarct presence and infarct volume on follow-up imaging. These findings could be applied for patient selection in future trials on ischemic stroke treatment.

CT angiography, CT perfusion, Infarct volume, Ischemic stroke, Prediction
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-015-1636-z, hdl.handle.net/1765/81550
Neuroradiology: a journal devoted to neuroimaging and interventional neuroradiology
Department of Radiology

van Seeters, T, Biessels, G.J, Kappelle, L.J, van der Schaaf, I.C, Dankbaar, J.W, Horsch, A.D, … Velthuis, B.K. (2016). CT angiography and CT perfusion improve prediction of infarct volume in patients with anterior circulation stroke. Neuroradiology: a journal devoted to neuroimaging and interventional neuroradiology, 58(4), 327–337. doi:10.1007/s00234-015-1636-z