Background: To answer the research questions: (a) what were the training pathways followed by the first generation of robot urologists; and (b) what are their opinions on the ideal training for the future generation? Methods: Data were gathered with a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews in a mixed-method research design. Results: The results show that training approaches differed from hardly any formal training to complete self-initiated training programmes, with all available learning resources. The median number of supervised procedures at the start of robot-assisted laparoscopy was five (range 0-100). Before patient-related console time, respondents indicated that the minimum training of robot trainees should consist of: live observations (94% indicated this as essential), video observations (90%), knowledge (88%), table assisting (87%) and basic skills (70%). Conclusion: The first generation of robot urologists used different training approaches to start robotic surgery. There is a need for a structured and compulsory training programme for robotic surgery.

Expert opinion, Interview, Robot training
dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcs.1631, hdl.handle.net/1765/81615
International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery

Brinkman, W.M, Schout, B, Rietbergen, J.B, de Vries, A.H, van der Poel, H.G, Koldewijn, E.L, … van Merriënboer, J.J.G. (2015). Training robotic surgery in urology: Experience and opinions of robot urologists. International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 11(3), 308–318. doi:10.1002/rcs.1631