In corrective osteotomy of the radius, detailed preoperative planning is essential to optimising functional outcome. However, complex malunions are not completely addressed with conventional preoperative planning. Computer-assisted preoperative planning may optimise the results of corrective osteotomy of the radius. We analysed the pre- and postoperative radiological result of computer-assisted 3D planned corrective osteotomy in a series of patients with a malunited radius and assessed postoperative function. We included eight patients aged 13–64 who underwent a computer-assisted 3D planned corrective osteotomy of the radius for the treatment of a symptomatic radius malunion. We evaluated pre- and postoperative residual malpositioning on 3D reconstructions as expressed in six positioning parameters (three displacements along and three rotations about the axes of a 3D anatomical coordinate system) and assessed postoperative wrist range of motion. In this small case series, dorsopalmar tilt was significantly improved (p = 0.05). Ulnoradial shift, however, increased by the correction osteotomy (6 of 8 cases, 75 %). Postoperative 3D evaluation revealed improved positioning parameters for patients in axial rotational alignment (62.5 %), radial inclination (75 %), proximodistal shift (83 %) and volodorsal shift (88 %), although the cohort was not large enough to confirm this by statistical significance. All but one patient experienced improved range of motion (88 %). Computer-assisted 3D planning ameliorates alignment of radial malunions and improves functional results in patients with a symptomatic malunion of the radius. Further development is required to improve transfer of the planned position to the intra-operative bone. Level of evidence IV.

3D, Corrective osteotomy, Malunion, Radius
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11751-015-0234-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/81616
Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

Walenkamp, M.M.J, de Muinck Keizer, R.J.O, Dobbe, J.G, Streekstra, G.J, Goslings, J.C, Kloen, P, … Schep, N.W.L. (2015). Computer-assisted 3D planned corrective osteotomies in eight malunited radius fractures. Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction, 10(2), 109–116. doi:10.1007/s11751-015-0234-2