Purpose: There is a conflicting evidence about the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to assess this association in Egypt, the country with the highest HCV prevalence in the world. Methods: The source of data was from the Egypt Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2008. Using multivariable logistic regression analyses to account for known confounders, the association was investigated at two levels']: (1) HCV exposure (HCV antibody status) and diabetes mellitus and (2) diabetes mellitus and chronic HCV infection (HCV RNA status) among HCV-exposed individuals. Results: We found no evidence for an association between HCV antibody status and diabetes (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63-1.19). However, among HCV-exposed individuals, we found an evidence for an association between diabetes and active HCV infection (adjusted OR = 2.44, 95% CI, 1.30-4.57). Conclusions: Although it does not appear that HCV exposure and diabetes are linked, there might be an association between diabetes and chronic HCV infection. The HCV-diabetes relationship may be more complex than previously anticipated. Therefore, a call for an "amicable divorce" to the HCV-diabetes relationship could be premature.

Chronic infection, Diabetes, Egypt, Hepatitis C virus
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.09.005, hdl.handle.net/1765/81640
Annals of Epidemiology
Department of Public Health

Cuadros, D.F, Miller, F.D, Nagelkerke, N.J.D, & Abu-Raddad, L.J. (2015). Association between HCV infection and diabetes type 2 in Egypt: Is it time to split up?. Annals of Epidemiology, 25(12), 918–923. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.09.005