The topic of value creation through the recovery of returned products in closed loop supply chains is scattered across various bodies of literature. We undertake a systematic literature review of 144 articles in relevant green, reverse and closed loop supply chain literature to synchronize existing knowledge on value creation. Value manifestations of four types of value, namely economic, environmental, information and customer value, are identified. Value adding concepts from the forward- and reverse supply chain may leverage the process of value creation. They are classified into six subclasses, namely partnerships and collaboration, product design characteristics, service concepts, IT solutions, supply chain processes and organizational characteristics. We present a conceptual framework on a strategic level. In this way companies can create competitive advantages by closing the loop. The results of the literature analysis suggest avenues for future research on the operational and strategic level.

Closed loop supply chain, Competitive advantage, Literature review, Product recovery, Reverse supply chain, Value creation,
ERIM Top-Core Articles
Journal of Manufacturing Systems
Department of Technology and Operations Management

Schenkel, M, Caniëls, M.C.J, Krikke, H.R, & van der Laan, E.A. (2015). Understanding value creation in closed loop supply chains - Past findings and future directions. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 37, 729–745. doi:10.1016/j.jmsy.2015.04.009