Parastomal Hernia: Impact on Quality of Life?
World Journal of Surgery , Volume 39 - Issue 10 p. 2595- 2601
Introduction: Parastomal hernia (PH) is a frequent complication after end-colostomy formation. PH may negatively influence the quality of life in end-colostomy patients. Our study investigates the quality of life and body image (BI) in patients with an end-colostomy. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of end-colostomy patients in two different hospitals. Patients were included if they had received a Hartmann procedure or abdominal perineal resection between 2004 and 2011. Patients were invited to the outpatient clinic for clinical examination to determine if a PH was present and were asked to fill out the Short form 36, EuroQol-5D, and body image questionnaire (BIQ). Results: One-hundred-and-fifty patients were eligible for the study; 139 filled out the questionnaires, of which 79 (56.8 %) had developed a PH. A linear multivariate regression showed PH caused a decrease in physical functioning (difference -10.2, p = 0.033) and general health (difference -9.0, p = 0.021), increase in pain (difference -11.3, p = 0.009) and decrease in the overall physical component score (difference -4.8, p = 0.020). The BIQ showed that PH increased the shame of the scar (difference -0.4, p = 0.010). Having an incisional hernia simultaneously decreased patients' scoring of the scar in the BIQ (difference -0.99, p = 0.015). Discussion: PHs cause significant decreases in quality of life and BI of patients. Counseling of patients towards PH and prevention of PH should therefore be of more concern in surgical departments.
|World Journal of Surgery|
|Organisation||Department of Neuroscience|
van Dijk, S.M, Timmermans, L, Deerenberg, E.B, Lamme, B, Kleinrensink, G.J, Jeekel, J, & Lange, J.F. (2015). Parastomal Hernia: Impact on Quality of Life?. World Journal of Surgery, 39(10), 2595–2601. doi:10.1007/s00268-015-3107-4