Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is a common medical problem in developed countries, and is a risk factor for the development of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Both proton pump inhibitor therapy and antireflux surgery are effective at controlling endoscopic signs and symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux in patients with Barrett's oesophagus, but often fail to eliminate pathological oesophageal acid exposure. The current available studies strongly suggest that acid suppressive therapy, both pharmacological as well as surgical acid suppression, can reduce the risk the development and progression in patients with Barrett's oesophagus, but are not capable of complete prevention. No significant differences have been found between pharmacological and surgical therapy. For clinical practice, patients should be prescribed a proton pump inhibitor once daily as maintenance therapy, with the dose guided by symptoms. Antireflux surgery can be a good alternative to proton pump inhibitor therapy, but should be primarily offered to patients with symptomatic reflux, and not to asymptomatic patients with the rationale to protect against cancer.

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Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

de Jonge, P.J.F, Spaander, M.C.W, Bruno, M.J, & Kuipers, E.J. (2015). Acid suppression and surgical therapy for Barrett's oesophagus. Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology (Vol. 29, pp. 139–150). doi:10.1016/j.bpg.2014.11.005