Pharmacokinetics and target attainment of mycophenolate in pediatric renal transplant patients
Pediatric Transplantation , Volume 20 - Issue 4 p. 492- 499
MPA is an immunosuppressive agent used to prevent graft rejection after renal transplantation. MPA shows considerable inter- and intraindividual variability in exposure in children and has a defined therapeutic window, and TDM is applied to individualize therapy. We aimed to study the exposure to MPA measured as the AUC in pediatric renal transplant patients, to identify factors influencing exposure and to assess target attainment. Children transplanted between 1998 and 2014 in a single center were included. Two groups were identified: Group 1 (AUC <3 wk post-transplantation) and Group 2 (AUC >18 months post-transplantation). Therapeutic targets were set at: AUC0-12h of 30-60 mg h/L. A total of 39 children were included in Group 1 (median age 13.3 yr) vs. 14 in Group 2 (median age 13.4 yr). AUC0-12h was 29.7 mg h/L in Group 1 and 56.6 mg h/L in Group 2, despite a lower dosage in Group 2 (584 and 426 mg/m2, respectively). About 46% of patients reached the target AUC0-12h in Group 1. Time since transplantation and serum creatinine were significantly associated with MPA exposure (p < 0.001), explaining 36% of the variability. Individualization of the mycophenolate dose by more intense and more early TDM could improve target attainment.
|children, immunosuppressive agents, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic drug monitoring, transplantation|
|Organisation||Department of Pharmacy|
Martial, L.C, Jacobs, B.A.W, Cornelissen, E.A.M, De Haan, A.F.J, Koch, B.C.P, Burger, D.M, … Brüggemann, M. (2016). Pharmacokinetics and target attainment of mycophenolate in pediatric renal transplant patients. Pediatric Transplantation, 20(4), 492–499. doi:10.1111/petr.12695