STUDY QUESTION: What are the best red flags to indicate the possibility of fracture or malignancy in patients presenting with low back pain in primary, secondary, or tertiary care?SUMMARY ANSWER: Older age, prolonged corticosteroid use, severe trauma, and presence of a contusion or abrasion increase the likelihood of spinal fracture (likelihood was higher with multiple red flags); a history of malignancy increases the likelihood of spinal malignancy.

dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-f7095rep, hdl.handle.net/1765/81980
British Journal of Sports Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal of sport and exercise medicine
Department of General Practice

Downie, A.S, Williams, C.M, Henschke, N, Hancock, M.J, Ostelo, R.W.J.G, de Vet, H.C, … Maher, C. (2014). Red flags to screen for malignancy and fracture in patients with low back pain. British Journal of Sports Medicine: an international peer-reviewed journal of sport and exercise medicine, 48(20). doi:10.1136/bjsports-2014-f7095rep