Background One significant risk factor for recurrence after Mohs surgery is misinterpretation of slides. Objectives To determine how often pathologists detected incompletely excised basal cell carcinoma (BCC) on Mohs slides and to determine risk factors for incompletely excised BCCs. Methods This retrospective study included 1653 BCCs treated with Mohs surgery in a university hospital between 2007 and 2011. For routine quality assurance, all slides were additionally reviewed by a pathologist within 1 week of the procedure. For this study, all cases that had divergent interpretations were re-evaluated by a Mohs surgeon and a pathologist. Mixed-effects logistic regression models with Mohs surgeon effects as random effects were used to determine risk factors for incompletely excised BCC. Results Incompletely excised BCCs were detected in 31 cases (2%), in which defects > 20 mm in diameter were an independent risk factor (odds ratio 3·58, 95% confidence interval 1·55-8·28). Other studied variables (i.e. aggressive subtype, previously treated BCC, location on nose and > 2 Mohs stages) did not affect the risk of incompletely excised BCCs. Conclusions The additional review of Mohs slides might increase accurate interpretation, especially in large BCCs. What's already known about this topic? The success of Mohs surgery depends on correct interpretation of slides. What does this study add? Pathologists detected incompletely excised basal cell carcinomas on 2% of Mohs slides. An additional review of Mohs slides might increase accurate interpretation and therefore prevent skin cancer recurrence.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.13750, hdl.handle.net/1765/82048
Journal British Journal of Dermatology
Citation
Van Lee, C.B, Graafland, B, Koljenović, S, Neumann, H.A.M, Nasserinejad, K, Nijsten, T.E.C, … Munte, K. (2015). Additional review of Mohs slides to optimize Mohs micrographic surgery. British Journal of Dermatology (Vol. 173, pp. 123–127). doi:10.1111/bjd.13750