Vascular anomalies are localized defects characterized by an increase in the number of vessels, which are tortuous and enlarged, and can affect the capillaries, arteries, veins and/or lymphatics. The estimated prevalence is 4.5 % [1] and diagnosis is made during infancy or childhood. With a vast variation in presentation they might lead to disfigurement, bleeding, destruction of surrounding tissues, dysfunction, infection, thrombosis and pulmonary embolus [2], ulceration and pain.

Arteriovenous malformations, Capillary malformations, Congenital hemangioma, Congenital vascular malformations, Hemangioma, High flow vascular malformations, Infantile hemangioma, Low flow vascular malformations, Lymphatic malformations, Non-involuting congenital hemangioma, Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma, Vascular tumors, Venous malformations,
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Hovius, S.E.R, & van Nieuwenhoven, C.A. (2015). Vascular anomalies of the upper limb. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-6563-7_3