Vascular anomalies of the upper limb
Vascular anomalies are localized defects characterized by an increase in the number of vessels, which are tortuous and enlarged, and can affect the capillaries, arteries, veins and/or lymphatics. The estimated prevalence is 4.5 %  and diagnosis is made during infancy or childhood. With a vast variation in presentation they might lead to disfigurement, bleeding, destruction of surrounding tissues, dysfunction, infection, thrombosis and pulmonary embolus , ulceration and pain.
|Arteriovenous malformations, Capillary malformations, Congenital hemangioma, Congenital vascular malformations, Hemangioma, High flow vascular malformations, Infantile hemangioma, Low flow vascular malformations, Lymphatic malformations, Non-involuting congenital hemangioma, Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma, Vascular tumors, Venous malformations|
|Organisation||Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery|
Hovius, S.E.R, & van Nieuwenhoven, C.A. (2015). Vascular anomalies of the upper limb. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-6563-7_3