Vascular anomalies are localized defects characterized by an increase in the number of vessels, which are tortuous and enlarged, and can affect the capillaries, arteries, veins and/or lymphatics. The estimated prevalence is 4.5 % [1] and diagnosis is made during infancy or childhood. With a vast variation in presentation they might lead to disfigurement, bleeding, destruction of surrounding tissues, dysfunction, infection, thrombosis and pulmonary embolus [2], ulceration and pain.

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Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Hovius, S., & van Nieuwenhoven, C. (2015). Vascular anomalies of the upper limb. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-6563-7_3