oceanographic conditions like wind strength and wave height affect the risk of shipping incidents. Seasonal variations and trends in these effects are studied for weather-related incidents and pollution incidents, for six major ship types and for six regions across the globe. The employed database of more than five million observations combines information from various sources on oceanographic conditions, ship particulars, and incidents. The magnitude of wind and wave effects is found to vary by ship type, region, season, and period, and most of these effects are larger during the autumn and winter season and in recent periods.

Logit model, Oceanographic risk factors, Pollution, Shipping incident, Wind and waves
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2015.04.016, hdl.handle.net/1765/82215
Econometric Institute Reprint Series , ERIM Top-Core Articles
Transportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment
Department of Econometrics

Heij, C, & Knapp, S. (2015). Effects of wind strength and wave height on ship incident risk: Regional trends and seasonality. Transportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment, 37, 29–39. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2015.04.016