Six antigen detection-based rapid influenza point-of-care tests were compared for their ability to detect avian influenza A(H7N9) virus. The sensitivity of at least four tests, standardised by viral infectivity (TCID50) or RNA copy number, was lower for the influenza A(H7N9) virus than for seasonal A(H3N2), A(H1N1)pdm09 or other recent avian A(H7) viruses. Comparing detection limits of A(H7N9) virus with Ct values of A(H7N9) clinical specimens suggests the tests would not have detected most clinical specimens.

Baas, C., Barr, I., Fouchier, R., Kelso, A., & Hurt, A. (2013). A comparison of rapid point-of-care tests for the detection of avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, 2013. Eurosurveillance, 18(21). Retrieved from