A dedicated benchmarking system to assess the availability of water supply and sanitation services for the urban poor will be explained. These services require the involvement of the utility and a host of other stakeholders, such as national and local government, a regulator, NGOs or CBOs and the slum dwellers themselves. Distributional justice arguments can be used to justify the development of systems for providing to the poor. The dedicated system covers both drinking water supply and sanitation, and emphasises and assesses the involvement and contributions by all stakeholders. It considers piped and non-piped drinking water and sanitation solutions, the mix of which often characterises the reality in the slums and the urban periphery of Third World countries. The lessons from the PROBE research project on this topic will be summarised. These comprise the need for the right policy and institutional environment, the provision of financial and other incentives to reach the poor, the involvement and collaboration of multiple stakeholders in mobilising the local resources, and the availability of a set of organisational, financial and technical tools with the concerned utility. When all these requirements are fulfilled there is a good chance to achieve the MDGs and SDGs in water and sanitation.

Benchmarking, Drinking water, Non-piped solutions, Performance measurement, Pro-poor service delivery, Sanitation, Stakeholders
dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJW.2016.075563, hdl.handle.net/1765/82514
International Journal of Water
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Erasmus University Rotterdam

van Dijk, M.P, & Blokland, M.W. (2016). Introduction and reflection on benchmarking for the delivery of water and sanitation services to the urban poor. International Journal of Water, 10(2-3), 109–121. doi:10.1504/IJW.2016.075563