In this paper we introduce the discrete time window assignment vehicle routing problem (DTWAVRP) that can be viewed as a two-stage stochastic optimization problem. Given a set of customers that must be visited on the same day regularly within some period of time, the first-stage decisions are to assign to each customer a time window from a set of candidate time windows before demand is known. In the second stage, when demand is revealed for each day of the time period, vehicle routes satisfying vehicle capacity and the assigned time windows are constructed. The objective of the DTWAVRP is to minimize the expected total transportation cost. To solve this problem, we develop an exact branch-price-and-cut algorithm and derive from it five column generation heuristics that allow to solve larger instances than those solved by the exact algorithm. We illustrate the performance of these algorithms by means of computational experiments performed on randomly generated instances.

Column generation, Time window assignment, Uncertain demand, Vehicle routing,
ERIM Top-Core Articles
European Journal of Operational Research
Department of Econometrics

Spliet, R, & Desaulniers, G. (2015). The discrete time window assignment vehicle routing problem. European Journal of Operational Research, 244(2), 379–391. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2015.01.020