This article proposes that team reflexivity—a deliberate process of discussing team goals, processes, or outcomes—can function as an antidote to team-level biases and errors in decision making. We build on prior work conceptualizing teams as information-processing systems and highlight reflexivity as a critical information-processing activity. Prior research has identified consequential information-processing failures that occur in small groups, such as the failure to discuss privately held relevant information, biased processing of information, and failure to update conclusions when situations change. We propose that team reflexivity reduces the occurrence of information-processing failures by ensuring that teams discuss and assess the implications of team information for team goals, processes, and outcomes. In this article, we present a model of team information-processing failures and remedies involving team reflexivity, and we discuss the conditions under which team reflexivity is and is not likely to facilitate performance.

team information-processing failures, team learning, team reflexivity, team regulatory processes,
ERIM Top-Core Articles
Small Group Research: an international journal of theory, investigation and application
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Schippers, M.C, Edmondson, A.C, & West, M.A. (2014). Team Reflexivity as an Antidote to Team Information-Processing Failures. Small Group Research: an international journal of theory, investigation and application, 45(6), 731–769. doi:10.1177/1046496414553473