Both in emergency and elective surgical patients increased blood lactate levels warn the physician that the patient is at risk of increased morbidity and decreased changes of survival. Prompt therapeutic measures to restore the balance between oxygen demand and supply are warranted in these patients.

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Critical Care
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Bakker, J., & Lima, A. (2004). Increased blood lacate levels: an important warning signal in surgical practice. Critical Care. Retrieved from