Coronary atherosclerosis has a high prevalence and is known as the leading cause of death worldwide. Clinically, coronary atherosclerosis is routinely evaluated by coronary angiography, which provides a luminogram of the coronary artery and allows for recognizing lumen narrowing. However, angiography does not allow for the direct assessment of the disease process within the coronary vessel wall. Today, a number of catheter-based imaging methods can overcome this shortcoming and provide physicians with additional information on specific morphological components of atherosclerotic lesions. This article discusses the abilities of intravascular imaging techniques such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), IVUS-VH, iMAP, integrated backscatter-IVUS, intravascular optical coherence tomography, near-infrared spectroscopy and angioscopy, to diagnose coronary atherosclerosis and their potential to guide clinical decision making.
Minerva Cardioangiologica: a journal on heart and vascular diseases
Department of Cardiology

van Ditzhuijzen, N.S, van Beusekom, H.M.M, Ligthart, J.M.R, & Regar, E.S. (2012). Invasive imaging of the coronary atherosclerotic plaque.. Minerva Cardioangiologica: a journal on heart and vascular diseases (Vol. 60, pp. 305–329). Retrieved from