New Findings: What is the central question of this study? Does the addition of endothelin blockade improve the effect of an 8 week training programme on brachial and superficial femoral artery endothelium-dependent and -independent dilatation and physical fitness in type 2 diabetes patients? What is the main finding and its importance? Training improved physical fitness but not vascular function in type 2 diabetes. Endothelin blockade had no additional effect on our outcome parameters, suggesting that despite acutely restoring blood flow, endothelin blockade does not potentiate the effect of training on vasculature or fitness in type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes patients, endothelin (ET) receptor blockade may enhance blood flow responses to exercise training. The combination of exercise training and ET receptor blockade may represent a more potent stimulus than training alone to improve vascular function, physical fitness and glucose homeostasis. We assessed the effect of an 8 week exercise training programme combined with either ET blockade or placebo on vasculature, fitness and glucose homeostasis in people with type 2 diabetes. In a double-blind randomized controlled trial, brachial endothelium-dependent and -independent dilatation (using flow-mediated dilatation and glyceryl trinitrate, respectively), glucose homeostasis (using Homeostasis Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR)) and physical fitness (maximal cycling test) were assessed in 18 men with type 2 diabetes (60 ± 6 years old). Subjects underwent an 8 week exercise training programme, with half of the subjects receiving ET receptor blockade (bosentan) and the other half a placebo, followed by reassessment of the tests above. Exercise training improved physical fitness to a similar extent in both groups, but we did not detect changes in vascular function in either group. This study suggests that there is no adaptation in brachial and femoral artery endothelial function after 8 weeks of training in type 2 diabetes patients. Endothelin receptor blockade combined with exercise training does not additionally alter conduit artery endothelial function or physical fitness in type 2 diabetes.,
Experimental Physiology
Department of Cardiology

Schreuder, T.H.A, Duncker, D.J.G.M, Hopman, M.T.E, & Thijssen, D.H.J. (2014). Randomized controlled trial using bosentan to enhance the impact of exercise training in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Experimental Physiology, 99(11), 1538–1547. doi:10.1113/expphysiol.2014.081182