Recent evidence points at an important role of endogenous cell-damage induced pro-inflammatory molecules in the generation of epileptic seizures. Uric acid, under the form of monosodium urate crystals, has shown to have pro-inflammatory properties in the body, but less is known about its role in seizure generation. This study aimed to unravel the contribution of uric acid to seizure generation in a mouse model for acute limbic seizures. We measured extracellular levels of uric acid in the brain and modulated them using complementary pharmacological and genetic tools. Local extracellular uric acid levels increased three to four times during acute limbic seizures and peaked between 50 and 100. min after kainic acid infusion. Manipulating uric acid levels through administration of allopurinol or knock-out of urate oxidase significantly altered the number of generalized seizures, decreasing and increasing them by a twofold respectively. Taken together, our results consistently show that uric acid is released during limbic seizures and suggest that uric acid facilitates seizure generalization.

Acute limbic seizures, Allopurinol, Kainic acid, Urate oxidase, Uric acid, Video-EEG,
Experimental Neurology
Department of Pulmonology

Thyrion, L, Raedt, R, Portelli, J, Van Loo, P, Wadman, W.J, Glorieux, G, … Boon, P. (2016). Uric acid is released in the brain during seizure activity and increases severity of seizures in a mouse model for acute limbic seizures. Experimental Neurology, 277, 244–251. doi:10.1016/j.expneurol.2016.01.001