In this chapter, we provide an overview of the current concepts on trace elements, vitamins, and lipids in their relationship to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Intake of zinc and omega-3 fatty acids can help lower the risk of AMD, particularly in people at high genetic risk. Vitamin D and nutrients influencing epigenetics appear to have a beneficial effect, but more research is needed before recommendation of these nutrients is warranted.

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Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Buitendijk, G., & Klaver, C. (2014). Trace Elements, Vitamins, and Lipids and Age-Related Macular Degeneration: An Overview of the Current Concepts on Nutrients and AMD. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-401717-7.00006-X