Background: In patients after aortic valve surgery, the quality of life is hypothesized to be influenced by the type of the valve procedure. A cross-sectional study on the postoperative quality of life was carried out in patients after aortic valve-sparing surgery (with regards to the age of the patient), Ross procedure and mechanical aortic valve replacement. Methods: Quality of life was studied in 139 patients after aortic valve surgery divided into four study groups (Y - aortic valve-sparing procedure at the age below 50years, mean age 36.2years; O - aortic valve-sparing procedure at the age 50years and over, mean age 59.2years; R - Ross procedure, mean age 37.8years and M - mechanical aortic valve replacement at the age below 50years, mean age 39.2years). SF-36 Short Form and valve-specific questionnaires were mailed to the patients after 6months or later following surgery (median 26.9months). Results: In SF-36, the younger aortic valve repair patients and the Ross patients scored significantly better in 4 of 4 physical subscales and in 2 of 4 mental subscales than the older aortic valve repair and mechanical valve replacement patients. In the valve-specific questionnaire; however, all 3 groups free of anticoagulation (Y, O, and R) displayed greater freedom from negative valve-related concerns. Conclusions: Postoperative quality of life is influenced by the type of aortic valve procedure and is negatively linked with mechanical prosthesis implantation and long-term anticoagulation. Aortic valve-sparing strategy should be considered in cases with suitable valve morphology due to favorable clinical results and beneficial impact on the long-term quality of life.

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B M C Cardiovascular Disorders
Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Zacek, P., Holubec, T., Vobornik, M., Dominik, J., Takkenberg, H., Harrer, J., & Vojacek, J. (2016). Quality of life after aortic valve repair is similar to Ross patients and superior to mechanical valve replacement: A cross-sectional study. B M C Cardiovascular Disorders, 16(1). doi:10.1186/s12872-016-0236-0