Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of a job demands-resources (JD-R) intervention on psychological capital (PsyCap), job crafting, work engagement, and performance. Design/methodology/approach – This study used a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test design with a control group. Healthcare professionals (n=67) were assigned to the JD-R intervention or a control group and filled out questionnaires before and after the intervention. To test the hypotheses, multivariate analyses of covariance were conducted. Findings – Results showed that participants’ PsyCap, job crafting, work engagement, and self-ratings of job performance significantly increased after the JD-R intervention. Research limitations/implications – Only healthcare professionals participated in the intervention study, which restricts the generalizability of the findings. Practical implications – The results illustrate that organizations can foster work engagement and improve performance by offering a JD-R intervention aimed at increasing PsyCap and job crafting at work. Organizations should acknowledge the importance of facilitating and stimulating a resourceful and challenging work environment. Originality/value – This is the first study that examined a JD-R intervention. The results contribute to JD-R theory by offering a first causal test. For the first time, a significant increase of job crafting behaviors after an intervention was found.

Additional Metadata
Keywords JD-R model, Job crafting, Job performance, Organizational interventions, PsyCap, Work engagement
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1108/JMP-03-2014-0086, hdl.handle.net/1765/83677
Journal Journal of Managerial Psychology
Citation
Van Wingerden, J, Bakker, A.B, & Derks-Theunissen, D.A.J.A. (2016). A test of a job demands-resources intervention. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31(3), 686–701. doi:10.1108/JMP-03-2014-0086